The primary goal of this volume is to give readers a brief introduction to the intellectual history of Muslims and their contributions to civilization.

Civilization itself developed long before the nineteenth century and, since time immemorial, many peoples have woven the fabric, each making its own unique contribution.

This book highlights the contributions that Muslim scholars made in the various fields of human endeavor, including science, technology, philosophy, and the political and social sciences from 700 to 1500 ac.

These breakthroughs went on to constitute a firm foundation for progress in the Near East, North Africa, and Spain, eventually leading to the European Renaissance during the middle of the second millennium and beyond.

The preservation of civilization necessitates a better understanding, sharing, and recognition of our common human heritage.