The Essence of Islamic Civilization by Isma’Ïl al-FaruqÏ. It was originally published as chapter four of The Cultural Atlas of Islam by Isma’Ïl al-FaruqÏ and Lois Lamya’ al-FaruqÏ (1986), and formed part of a monumental and authoritative work presenting the entire worldview of Islam, its beliefs, traditions, institutions, and place in the world. Aside from the map illustrations and two arabesques all other images have been updated and are not those of the original. Professor Isma’Ïl RajÏ al-FaruqÏ (1921–1986) was a Palestinian American philosopher, visionary, and an authority in comparative religion. A great contemporary scholar of Islam his scholarship encompassed the whole spectrum of Islamic Studies covering areas such as the study of religion, Islamic thought, approaches to knowledge, history, culture, education, interfaith dialogue, aesthetics, ethics, politics, economics, and science. Without doubt al-FaruqÏ was one of the great Muslim scholars of the 20th century. In this paper he presents the meaning and message of Islam to the wider world, pointing to TawhÏd (the unity of God) as its essence and first determining principle which gives Islamic civilization its identity.